UN Security Council in Juba to assess peace progress

UN Security Council in Juba to assess peace progress
The United Nations Securoty Council | File Photo

 A High-level delegation of the United Nations Security Council is in the country to consult with the government on the progress it has made in the implementation of the peace agreement.

The delegation met with the Ministers of Cabinet Affairs, Defense, Finance, Justice and Constitutional Affairs in Juba on Wednesday.

Speaking to the media after the meeting, the Minister of Cabinet Affairs Dr Martin Elia Lomuro, said the visiting delegation of the UN Security Council came to assess the general situation in the country and the implementation of the agreement.

“It was an acquaintance meeting where the UN wants to know a number of things related to South Sudan in general. But also, the agreement on the implementation benchmarks related to UN resolutions 2206, resolution 2577 and resolution 353 and those benchmarks would allow the UN to assess situations in the Republic of South Sudan,” he said.

The UN Security Council in its resolution number S/RES/2577 on May 28, 2021, renewed the arms embargo for South Sudan until May 31, 2022.

In March 2015, the Security Council passed a resolution creating sanctions which some officials have described as regime change.

Dr Elia said the three UN Security Council resolutions gave the UN the mandate to assess the general situation in South Sudan including the implementation of the revitalised agreement signed in 2018.

He said they briefed the delegation on the status of the implementation of chapter one and chapter two of the agreement that has been moving slowly because of the disagreement by parties especially on how many shares each party should have. The other issue has been about the availability of resources to fund their implementation.

“What we did was to brief the UNSC on the status of implementation of chapter one of the agreement related to governance and the minister of defence took the opportunity to brief the UN Security Council on the status of implementation of chapter two in particular details on the Strategic Defense and Security Review Board,” Dr Elia said

Article 2.5 of the peace agreement on the Strategic Defense and Security Review Board (SDSRB) sub-article 2.5.3 states that within 30 days of the signing of the agreement (inclusive of formation of the board), the SDSR shall undertake the Strategic Security Assessment.

The board shall make use of previous documents including the strategic security assessment, the security policy framework, and the revised defence policy.

The results of the assessment shall inform the requirements of the armed forces, national security service, and other organised forces. It shall be the basis for the formulation of the country’s defence and security policies leading to the overall restructuring of the security organs.

The restructuring shall include the future command, function, size, composition, and budget of the national army, national security service, other organized forces, and requirements for DDR disbarment, demobilisation, and reintegration.

However, all these have not been achieved by the parties to the agreement since then.